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Sheet Metal Fabrication In Los Angeles

Look around Los Angeles, and you’ll see sheet metal fabrication has become popular. With modern technology, precision tools, and the right experience, it can be an economical and durable way to get the metal parts, components, and decorative fixtures you need, but is it right for you?

The short answer is, yes, sheet metal fabrication has a place in your plans if you use metal implements, machinery, or are looking for a durable and eye-catching visual element on your property. Some think that custom sheet metal fabrication is out of their price range, while others assume that making use of fabricated sheet metal is difficult. Let’s take a look at the modern sheet metal fabrication in Los Angeles and how it’s created.

What Is Sheet Metal Fabrication?

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Sheet metal fabrication processes have changed through the years, so what the term entails has also changed. At its core, sheet metal fabrication is the manipulation of metal sheets, often steel, to makes a specific creation from that sheet. In the past, this process was accomplished by skilled craftsmen using their muscles and simple machines to form the finished product. Modern sheet metal fabrication in Los Angeles is far different.

While some processes or materials may be completed by sheet metal technicians and artisans, with increasing frequency computers and automation are involved. The simple tools of the past have given way to carbide cutting tools, plasma cutters and welders, and precision control instruments. The results are beautiful, and despite how it sounds, it is very easy for a customer to realize their custom metal vision with the help of trained and professional metal fabricators like the team at Metal Supply, Inc.

What Happens During Metal Fabrication?

What kind of techniques can be used to fabricate the metal? While there are many different techniques—and many different variations of those techniques—these are a few of the most popular Los Angeles sheet metal fabrication processes.
Cutting – Whether you need a smaller piece created or a larger piece that requires multiple shapes and joining, cutting is almost always involved in the fabrication process. This cutting can be done by mechanical methods, such as shearing with blades, punches, or cutting bits; or it can be accomplished with high-tech tools like lasers, plasma cutters, and water jets.
Joining – Simply put, this is making two pieces of metal into one. Joining is often done using welds, however, pieces can also be riveted, brazed, or even joined using an adhesive. The method of joining is largely determined by the piece’s intended use.
Bending And Shaping – The metal is bent using forms, rollers, and other bending apparatus. This can be accomplished by an automated machine or using manual bending apparatus to form the shape by hand.
Rough Finishing – Even before the project is done, some finishing may be done to remove metal burrs or rough edges. This can help the joining and improve the precision of other processes by giving a piece clean, straight lines.

What Is The Sheet Metal Fabrication Process?

Let’s take a look at the sheet metal fabrication process we use for our Los Angeles clients. This will help you better understand what goes into making custom metal creations.
Your Vision – It all starts with you and your needs for your project. Whether it is a safety cowl for industrial machinery or decoration to make your house stand out in the neighborhood, you have a need, and we have the tools and experience.
Drafting And Design – An experienced professional architect, engineer, or designer will begin the work of turning your need into a conceptual drawing. This drawing can take the form of blueprints, a simple artist’s concept, or can be rendered on a computer in three dimensions, allowing you to twist turn and manipulate the image.
Production Schematics – Once you approve the design, the process will begin to turn it into a form of instructions used by the shop. Traditionally, this was done by making more detailed blueprints or schematics with detailed measurements, several different views, and precise instructions. Now, these production schematics take the form of a computer file. Once the project is designed in a CAD program, it is coded in such a way that it can be fed directly to a CNC machine for creation.
Fabrication – The metal is formed using the above techniques. Some may be completed by fabricators using manual processes, while others may be completely automated, such as by a CNC machine. Your project, at this point, is coming to life.
Finishing – This entails making the raw fabrication into the final product. Depending on requirements, this can be as simple as deburring or may involve polishing, coating, or other techniques to make the piece ready for display or assembly.

What Are The Benefits Of Sheet Metal Fabrication?

For the cost-conscious Los Angeles business, sheet metal fabrication can be a great way to get a distinctive look, have a custom component produced, or offer a small batch or one-off product to clients. If your business or building uses or could use metal, there’s a place for sheet metal fabrication with you. Sheet metal fabrication gives you the right part for the right money.

How Do I Pick A Sheet Metal Fabrication Partner In Los Angeles?

Finding professional sheet metal fabrication in Los Angeles can be difficult. You need someone who can supply the parts you need at the right price and deliver them on time. That takes experience, a reliable supply chain, and a professional demeanor. That’s where we come in.

For 55 years, our team at Metal Supply, Inc. has been the most trusted sheet metal fabrication company in the greater Los Angeles area. Our work has helped create a skyline famous worldwide. We believe in customer service and bringing your metal concepts to fruition. Contact us today for a quote on your next project.

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One of the most popular materials for metal fabrication is carbon steel. But what is carbon steel, and what makes it such a reliable choice? Thanks to the extensive data available, it is easy to predict how it will behave under real-world conditions. It is this very reliability that is at the core of its versatility. By choosing an established composition, engineers are able to model the metal’s behavior through its expected lifecycle.

In order to make reasonable predictions, the process of manufacturing the metal must be consistent throughout the production process all the way through final fabrication. As one of the most used metals on the planet—in fact, carbon steel is largely responsible for the industrial revolution—the manufacturing process for carbon steel is well established and highly automated. That means good data, and as any engineer will tell you, good data in means good data out.

What Are The Characteristics Of Carbon Steel?

What is often misunderstood about carbon steel is that it is not a singular metal. The term carbon steel actually describes a range of steel with varying levels of carbon and other materials that provide the steel’s crystalline structure with certain properties. The most plentiful ingredient in any steel is Iron. Ratios of carbon, manganese, aluminum, and the like are added to give the steel the best characteristics and properties for its intended use. This range of metals is usually divided into three categories: low carbon steel, medium carbon steel, and high carbon steel.
Low Carbon Steel – This steel is also often referred to as mild steel. Low carbon steel has 0.04 and 0.3 percent carbon and is extremely versatile. It’s easy to weld, cut, and shape, making it the perfect choice for tasks requiring strength and shaping. It has enough carbon to make it hard and durable, but not brittle.
Medium Carbon Steel – Medium carbon steel has from 0.31 to 0.6 percent carbon. This yields a harder steel, more resistant to cutting and welding. This kind of steel is often formed and shaped before being heat treated, tempered, or cryogenically processed to further harden or refine the metal.
High Carbon Steel – Aside from a carbon percentage that can run as high as 1.5 percent, the alloys added to this steel are usually meant to further increase the hardness. Steel of this quality is commonly called “tool steel” and is incredibly hard and brittle. Further heat treatment makes it more so, but the tools made from this metal are durable and unyielding.

What Is The Carbon Steel Making Process?

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Humans have been making steel for centuries. Before the industrial age, this was a time and labor intensive process with varied results. Rather than standard recipes, craftsmen of an area often learned their formulas and the process for making steel from a mentor or master crafter. The result was steel with inconstant qualities as you moved from region to region. The patenting of Henry Bessemer’s Bessemer Process in 1856 changed that.

The Bessemer process allowed carbon steel to be mass produced for the first time. By introducing forced air into the molten metal to remove impurities, you could not only make better steel, you could produce it at a much faster rate with less manpower. This process underwent refinement and technological advancement over the years, eventually becoming the Basic Oxygen Steelmaking Process (BOS) that accounts for the majority of steel made to this day.

The BOS process begins with recycled or scrap steel in the BOS furnace. Molten iron is poured over the scrap. This becomes the melt. An oxygen lance is lowered to just over the surface of the liquid metal, and almost pure oxygen is blown through at twice the speed of sound while compounds such as flux and lime are added. This causes impurities in the melt to oxidize, forming a frothy slag on top of the liquid metal. This process will continue for about twenty minutes. While in the furnace, data allows small adjustments to the formula to be made based on temperature and the material’s behavior.

Once complete, the metal is sampled to ensure it meets the needed specifications before being poured into another vessel called a ladle. The ladle will hold the steel while it heats in the ladle furnace and alloys are added to create the final steel composition. Once finished, the metal is poured into various shaping apparatus to create the basic form–sheet, bar, or tube–that is needed. Through this process, the labor requirements have been reduced a thousandfold, which is what has helped make carbon steel one of the most economical metals available.

What Is The Benefit Of Carbon Steel For My Business?

Carbon steel is strong, durable, and has a perfect composition for most jobs. Mild steel is easily worked into any imaginable shape or specification, while steel alloys that are higher in carbon give you the hardness needed for tougher tasks. If you need fabricated metal for your commercial, industrial, or residential project, carbon steel has a blend to suit your needs.

What Is The Best Carbon Steel Supply Business For Me?

When looking for a supplier, it’s important to choose a company who gets top-quality carbon steel. Since consistency is key, you need a partner with a proven track record of reliable materials. The best supplier not only sells metal, but works with it also, ensuring not only that they order the best materials, but that they know the properties of them as well.

For 55 years, Metal Supply, Inc., has been the quality source for carbon steel in the greater Los Angeles area. Our metal fabrication professionals have helped define the city skyline, and they can bring that experience into your next project. Contact us today so we can help you find the perfect carbon steel for your needs.

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In the center of Los Angeles, skyscrapers reach skyward, giving their occupants a stunning view over the city skyline while helping fit more homes and offices into our great metropolis. An empty lot is transformed into a thriving commercial enterprise, the transformation taking mere months before a new, modern steel building welcomes customers. Popular sky bridges make travel easier for workers. Safety rails and cages keep workers safer on job sites. Trained, professional metal fabricators make all this possible with the help of technology, but what is metal fabrication?

The Process of Metal Fabrication

Metal fabrication at its most basic, is the manipulation of metal to create. Technicians take the raw material, often in the form of either metal bars, beams, or plates, and manipulate it to form structures, buildings, or even machines. They do this by cutting, forming, drilling, stretching, welding, and other disciplines to create the needed shapes from parameters provided by designers, engineers, and architects.

Welders, blacksmiths, boilermakers, and machinists are just a few of the disciplines you’ll find shaping industry and commerce by shaping the metal that houses and drives them. While every discipline may not be needed for a project, many projects will require a range of techniques to complete. This has lead to metal fabrication becoming an increasingly specialized field.

What Is Modern Metal Fabrication?

Modern metal fabrication would be largely recognizable to metalworkers in the past, even if the methods and speed of today’s processes would seem foreign. Today, many metal fabrication jobs are completed with the aid of computers and automation. Thanks to technology like CNC machines, an engineer can design the needed material to tight tolerances, encoding the specifications in a computer file. That file is then fed into a machine that manipulates the needed metal to create a finished product.

There is still plenty of work available, however, for skilled technicians to shape metal. Projects that have parameters outside a computer’s ability, either due to size, complexity, or capacity, are completed using welders, lathes, hammers, drills, and any number of other tools. There is no limit to what metal fabrication artisans can create for industrial, commercial, or residential use.

Common Uses of Metal Fabrication

Construction -One of the more common uses of metal fabrication is in the construction of buildings. Metal structures can be almost entirely created off-site, shaped and formed for easy assembly prior to being delivered to a building site. These pre-manufactured buildings offer an economical way to build warehouses and factories in the layout they need with less construction time.Many larger buildings rely on steel beams as a framework. Steel beams are strong and versatile. Modern metal fabrication uses CNC machines to process beams off-site, cutting and drilling them precisely to the architect’s design. This allows for custom constructed buildings that fit together precisely and can be assembled far quicker than if measured and processed on site.

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Custom Components -Skilled metal fabricators can create replacement components for machinery, safety cages, bridges, and any other metal part needed. These can be functional projects, such as supports or driveshafts, or decorative features, such as wrought iron fences and precision cut fascia. Metal is a durable, lasting material that technicians can craft to fit a wide range of specifications.Metal fabrication allows for the economical production of one-offs and custom creations. This approach negates the expense of large production runs. Instead, you can work directly with an experienced professional for exactly the piece you need.
Safety On The Job Site -Some of the most rewarding metal fabrication projects are custom safety features that help keep workers safe. Tubing, mesh, and plate can be used to mitigate safety risks in a variety of commercial and industrial enterprises. Whatever the space requirements, a custom solution can be created specific to the task.Safety cages are perfect to give your cash handlers a secure environment to handle receipts or keep hands away from blades and bits. Guard rails help make movement around larger machines safer. Skybridges can be built to allow workers to easily move between upper floors of building or towers without risking their safety. Metal fabrication can help you make sure that every team member goes home safe every day.

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Around The House -Despite the myriad of commercial and industrial uses, many people never consider what it is that metal fabrication can do for them at home. By incorporating metal into your DIY projects and “honey-dos” you get better results in less time that last far longer. Thanks to the custom nature of metal fabrication, it’s perfect for home use.Pre-manufactured buildings make great sheds and workshops. Tree houses can be built with more elaborate floor plans while maintaining their structural integrity when supported by fabricated metal poles or beams. Your carport or deck could be constructed to withstand the worst Mother Nature offers, while still adding attractive value to your home. The possibilities are only limited by your imagination.

What Is The Benefit Of Metal Fabrication To Me?

If you operate a business, metal fabrication can help you. The ability to order structures or components and have them professionally manufactured is a big advantage when taking on the competition. It makes sustainable growth easier and cheaper. Forming a solid partnership with a company experienced in metal fabrication is almost essential.

Your Metal Fabrication Experts

If you’re looking for a team of experienced metal suppliers and fabricators, Metal Supply, Inc. is ready to help you. For 55 years, Los Angeles has trusted us to have the mettle for metal. We are proud to have partnered with companies across all industries and fields to create some truly memorable structures. Contact us today to see what we can do for you. 888-611-3525

The world is changing and that too at a very fast pace. The rate of change is also increasing. This means that the scientific and technological advancements happened in last 5 to 10 years are more than those happened in last 100 years or so. The steel and metallurgical industry is not an exception to it.

Today, a lot of basic metallurgical research is being carried out. New alloys are being developed for specific applications under specific conditions. The changes in the perception of a customer industry like automobile forced steel industry to develop new light weight steels, micro alloyed steels etc that are today extensively produced and used. Metallurgists are trying to develop specific steels which can be used for building human colonies on the moon in future. Moon is supposed to have a vast mineral resources and the research has already started on how to tap these minerals for the betterment of human race.

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All this is happening in the western world and unfortunately almost nothing of this kind is happening in India. If we look back in the history, India has a great metallurgical heritage. The process of separation of metals like gold, silver, copper from their minerals was known to Indian much earlier that the rest of the world. The iron piller in Delhi, which has not rusted for so many centuries, is a glaring example of Indian metallurgical expertise but unfortunately today, we have lost that edge. Except handful ones, no Indian steel companies have a ‘Research & Development’ department. There are heaps of iron ore fines lying outside various mines but we are not able to use or dispose them off. We are looking for Chinese or European technologies but are not able to develop one ourselves!

History tells us that those societies which invest in scientific research today will rule the world tomorrow. India had that edge in pre historic times but today they are surely one of the under developed countries as far as metallurgical research is concerned. With such approach, we do not need an astrologer to tell our future, do we?

Within the umbrella of iron & steel industry, special steels assume a very vital and prestigious position. Owing to their special properties, these steels find applications in variety of industries and a lot of metallurgical thinking is required to formulate their parameters. Many steel mills producing TMT or similar steels may operate without a qualified metallurgist but this is impossible in case of mills producing special steels. Thousands of compositions and grades as well as numerous intricate parameters and applications make this sector really challenging and thus exciting!

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The sector has been growing with double digit rate for the last decade or so with an approximate domestic consumption of 7 MT, around 8 to 9 % of the total steel consumption in the country. Out of many customer industries, automobile forms the most important and the biggest user of special steel products. It consumes around 50% of the special steels produced and the remaining 50% finds its application in other industries like power, defense, aerospace, white goods, construction etc. Naturally the fortunes of special steel producing mills dance on the tunes of automobile industry. The auto industry too had witnessed an explosive growth in the last decade not only in terms of numbers but also in terms of the perception of the consumer. The customer expectations have undergone a phenomenal change in this period. They want more fuel efficient, lightweight, aerodynamic shape and a good looking smart vehicle. We have also seen that many auto parts which were originally made of steel, are now being made by other metals like aluminium or even by composites for weight and price considerations. The steel industry had to lose this business permanently. The special steels industry is also gearing up for the challenging requirements of auto sector. They have developed micro alloyed steels which eliminate the need of heat treatment, lightweight steels specially for auto industry are also being developed.
Presently auto sector is somewhat stagnated as far as sales are concerned and this has put a tremendous back pressure on forging companies as well as special steel mills. In my opinion, these two sectors have bit over expanded their capacities and thus though in the last decade or so, the demand has climbed up substantially, the capacity has gone ahead of it. Today many special steel mills are operating below 75 % of capacity utilization but at the same time I must mention that the industry sentiment is quite positive and everybody is expecting the things to improve in coming months!!!

Before 2009, Middle – East was seen as one of the fastest growing regions in terms of steel consumption, thanks to the infrastructure development and construction activity all over. It is also a fact that the regionlacked melting capacity but many rolling, processing lines mashroomed all over the region. Steel fabrication too aquaired importance due to requirement of huge, intricate residential and industrial structures. The region was net importer of steel and CIS, Turkey, China were the preferred suppliers. During 2009 meltdown, the regional economy did get a jolt and the developmental activity drastically reduced followed by reduction in steel consumption. Now 5-6 years later, the region as such is gradually stabilizing in terms of industrial activity, infrastructure projects and the steel consumption is also rising steadily.

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The Middle East and the North African region commonly known as MENA, is considered to be one of the fastest growing regions as regards industrial and economic activity. The Middle – East region is very strategically located. One one side it connects with Indian subcontinent from where it get a good supply of technically qualified manpower. It also receives some raw materials like ferro alloys, iron ore, refractories etc. On the other hand it is connected with Europe which is conventionally supposed to be high end market. In a way, Middle-East acts as a gateway to Europe. Another factor which is becoming increasingly important is ‘Africa’. African markets are also heating up and industrial activity is gradually increasing. Though their present steel making capacity is small, the consumption has started growing. Few iron & steel projects, though small in size, are being planned and executed in Africa. Middle – East region has become a gateway for Africa too.
I hope to see a gradual and steady growth in industrial activity as well as in iron and steel industry of the region. The next one or two quarters are supposed to be very crucial and will decide the future direction of iron & steel industry in Middle-East region. Of course, as mentioned earlier, Indian steel business houses should be having lot of interest in ME steel industry, firstly as it offers a tremendous export opportunity to Indian steel mills. Further, Indian technology and equipment suppliers to can gain from expansion projects from this region. Lastly the ME region needs technical manpower, middle and top level management personal and India can very well fulfill this need.

Recently, in one of the business conferences, I was asked, “What are the steel industry’s demands from the government? What are your expectations from the budget ?” My answer was, “No, we do not need anything from the government. Let government take enough measures to boost the country’s economy and we will be the natural beneficiaries”!

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Steel is a peculiar industry.  Its demand lies outside the industry. As we all know, infrastructure, automobile, engineering, white goods are the major customer industries for steel. The steel demand depends on how well these industries perform. Their performance in turn depends on the buying power of the people and general economic sentiment prevailing in the society. Thus, if the government takes such measures which directly or indirectly boost the economy, steel industry is a natural beneficiary. These measures may include triggering the mega infrastructure projects, reducing excise duty on automobiles, introduce one window clearance system for manufacturing sector, especially MSME segment. All these measures will translate into additional steel demand and will help the steel industry to grow. Last few years, iron & steel industry suffered mainly because of lack of domestic as well as overseas demand.  Many mega infrastructure projects were put on hold. Developed world started witnessing recessionary trend which curtailed export potential. Auto demand suffered a setback due to high fuel prices and high interests on auto loan. The sharp decline in fuel prices will surely help this industry to some extent.
‘Demand growth’ has become a very scarce commodity in the world. Only few countries like India hold that special power. In my opinion, it is the time to let the domestic players take the advantage of this demand. We are witnessing a lot of dumping including steel and the government needs to be very vigilant in these matters. One may argue that the quantities involved in the imports are very small and will not be able to alter the demand pattern much. Yes, I agree that it may not alter the demand but even such small quantity has the potential to dilute or decrease the price. This can adversely affect the bottomline of domestic steel companies.
I would still say that today the industry sentiment is positive but the present government has to do something on an urgent basis to keep it positive even tomorrow.

Viability and sustainability of any steel plant depends mainly on two factors : Availability of market and availability of raw materials at a reasonable price.

If one takes a global view, it can be seen that the conventional steel markets like US, EU are more or less stagnated, Middle East is going through a rough patch due to oil price crash, African markets yet to grow and SE Asian markets being steady but slow. China is trying to control it’s overheated economy and is reducing the steel production gradually. India wants to boost its steel production but domestic market seems to be stagnated for the last few years. The new government at the centre is completing it’s first year but the steel markets are still depressed. The steel industry expects the government to trigger off few mega infrastructure projects which can provide the required thrust to the steel demand and also move the economic wheel forward.

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In case of raw material availability, the situation is far from normal. Many iron ore mines in the states like Karnataka, Goa, are closed due to legal irregularities. Also, the new coal block allocation process is not yet complete. Thus for steel industry, there is an acute shortage of these two vital raw materials and this fact has been affecting the performance of almost steel plants for the last few years. The industry expects the government to punish the guilty but at the same time clear off these bottlenecks as early as possible so that the industry can freely grow.

The third factor which generally skips out of our mind is availability of technically qualified manpower. Today in India, very few metallurgists graduate every year and many of them switch to other more paying industries like IT. They prefer to work in an AC office rather than blackening their hands on the shop floor of a steel plant. India plans a big leap in steel production in coming years. From where the manpower will come ? Who will run these plants? These problems though grave are not at all impossible to solve. If the industry and the government work hand in hand, I am sure they can together solve these and take Indian iron & steel industry to a new height.

The present situation in the global iron & steel sector looks bleak and the future does not look bright, atleast for next two or three years !

As we all know, the biggest influencing factor on steel industry fortunes is China. It produces around 700 MT per year, consumes around 600 MT and exports around 100 MT.  This export figure is more than (or about to be) the production figure of any other country in the world. In last one or two years China’s economic wheel has slowed down and the Chinese steel sector has started feeling the pinch. The process of shutting down unviable and technologically backward facilities is going on but the economic slowdown seems to be faster. This is the reason Chinese exports are continuously rising and this is causing a big concern to the steel sector in all corners of the globe ! Yes, some countries have already imposed anti dumping duties on Chinese material but this cannot be a long term solution. The industry in the regions like Middle East, EU is already depressed and has become further vulnerable by this. Us economy showed some improvement in second half of last year but it again slowed down in Q1 of 2015.

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India’s story is slightly different. It has undergone a very bad phase in last 2/3 years. Many mega projects were haulted and the industry was practically standstill. The steel sector further suffered due to non-availability of vital raw materials like iron ore and coal. The new government, which came in power mid of last year, promised an economic turnaround. The sudden crash in international oil prices also helped countries like India which consume lot of foreign currency in meeting their petroleum needs. The new regime has completed its first year but at ground level there seems to be no change. Many new mega projects have been announced but still there is no rise in steel consumption yet. I do understand that Indian economy, being so big, cannot be turned around in an year’s time and at this stage, industry is looking for signs and symptoms, not for the actual change. Those are also missing.

In real terms the fortune of steel industry lies outside the industry. On one hand, it depends on steel consumption which in turn depends on general economy and on the other hand it also depends on the status of mining sector. One can only hope that in coming months, these two factor will become favorable to the growth of steel industry.

As we all know, the fortune of the steel industry lies outside. It depends on the general economic situation prevailing at that time. This is true for a regional as well as global iron & steel sector.

The economic situation in most parts of the world is far from healthy. Many regional and national economies are under severe pressure and the markets are either flat or shrinking. The unemployment index is going up and the realistic purchasing power of the common man is reducing. This has naturally affected the steel industry as well. The steel production and consumption is falling world over. This has been reported by World Steel Association also. As a natural consequence of this the price curve also dived down. This negative vibration has run through the entire process chain and the prices of all the commodities associated with iron & steel sector, such as iron ore, ferro alloys, scrap, slabs, billets, rods, wire rods, bars are feeling a reverse pressure. This phenomenon has been accelerated by huge export volumes of China all over the world. If the availability has far exceeded the demand, how can the price be attractive?

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Here, we have to take note of recent Greece episode. In Greece the spending was exceeding the earning capacity for quite some time. Huge debts accumulated and at one point in time, the lenders like Germany raised their hands. How long can they keep on supporting the country where in the population is not ready to follow the financial discipline? Finally both the sides had to make few compromises and Greece got the third huge bailout package. This has given them some sigh of relief but if the Greek government does not discipline their industries, corporates and even the citizens, they will again find themselves in a similar situation very soon. In EU there are few more weak candidates like Spain, Portugal, Italy etc. waiting in the wing. If they also follow the same path as that of Greece, then the whole concept of EU will be at a threat. Presently, except Germany and to some extent France (major lenders to Greece) no other economy is expected to get hit badly. India’s trade with Greece was minimal and it is unlikely that it will feel the tremors.

Overall, it’s a tough time not only for EU but also for the economies across the globe. This, combined with China factor is sure to keep a negative pressure on global iron & steel sector, at least for some more time.